The colour wheel is made up of Primary, Secondary and Tertiary colours.
There are three Primary colours- red, blue and yellow. These cannot be made by combining any other colour.
Secondary colours are produced by mixing equal amounts of two of the Primary colours – red and blue make purple, red and yellow produce orange, and blue and yellow make green.
Tertiary colours are formed by the mixture of a Primary colour with a secondary one in the ratio of 2:1.
Once you have mixed all the various combinations, you have a total of 12 colours. These can then be laid out side by side in their various combinations, in a circle or “wheel”. Please see the example below.
By laying the colours out in this way, the ones on the left-hand side of the wheel (yellow/green round to purple) are described as cool colours, whilst the ones on the right-hand side are described as warm.
Cool colours are often described as giving an impression of calm, leading to a soothing atmosphere in a room.
Warm colours, associated with sunrise and sunset, are vivid and energetic, and tend to give the impression of greater space.
Colours that are opposite each other on the wheel – for example, red and green - are said to be complementary colours. Their high contrast creates a vibrant look. This is one reason why the organisers of the Wimbledon tennis tournament use purple and green on their logo, as they are almost opposite each other on the colour wheel.
Colours that are next to each other on the colour wheel are described as analogous: these usually match well and and create a serene atmosphere. They are often found in Nature and are pleasing on the eye.
Hopefully this gives you a few more ideas about the importance of mixing and matching certain colours when putting together your plans for the appearance of your home.